SACM Research Center

To provide what is essential to ensure the highest quality of published reports  and derivative works for the nation by providing research expertise, access to multi-disciplinary scholarly  research, and information technology ; Lead knowledge-sharing and management of enterprise intellectual capital  through deployment of information integration technologies across any institutional data hub or repository that leverages the creation and sharing of knowledge and fosters an environment of collaboration and partnerships. The SACM Research Center reports collection is not open to the public for browsing.

DNA Computing Technology

DNA computing is a branch of computing which uses DNA, biochemistry, and molecular biology hardware, instead of the traditional silicon-based computer technologies. Research and development in this area concerns theory, experiments, and applications of DNA computing. The term “molectronics” has sometimes been used, but this term had already been used for an earlier technology, a then-unsuccessful rival of the first integrated circuits; this term has also been used more generally, for molecular-scale electronic technology. The slow processing speed of a DNA-computer (the response time is measured in minutes, hours or days, rather than milliseconds) is compensated by its potential to make a high amount of multiple parallel computations. This allows the system to take a similar amount of time for a complex calculation as for a simple one. This is achieved by the fact that millions or billions of molecules interact with each other simultaneously. However, it is much harder to analyze the answers given by a DNA-Computer than by a digital one.

DNA Rewritable Technology

Technologies for making and manipulating DNA have enabled advances in biology ever since the discovery of the DNA double helix. But introducing site-specific modifications in the genomes of cells and organisms remained elusive. Early approaches relied on the principle of site-specific recognition of DNA sequences by oligonucleotides, small molecules, or self-splicing introns. More recently, the site-directed zinc finger nucleases and TAL effector nucleases using the principles of DNA-protein recognition were developed. However, difficulties of protein design, synthesis, and validation remained a barrier to widespread adoption of these engineered nucleases for routine use. Rewritable DNA-based memory module that can reliably and reversibly store data in the chromosome of living cells – research that could be used to track cellular events to study aging or cancer. Rewritable biological memory circuits have been made before, usually as a cellular switch to shut gene expression on or off in a cell.

Research Center SACM

Atmospheric–Water Processing Technology

An atmospheric-water processing technology extracts water from humid ambient air. Water vapor in the air is condensed by cooling the air below its dew point, exposing the air to desiccants, or pressurizing the air. Unlike a dehumidifier, an AWG is designed to render the water potable. AWGs are useful where pure drinking water is difficult or impossible to obtain, because there is almost always a small amount of water in the air that can be extracted. The two primary techniques in use are cooling and desiccants. The extraction of atmospheric water may not be free of cost, because significant input of energy is required to drive some AWG processes. Certain traditional AWG methods are completely passive, relying on natural temperature differences, and requiring no external energy source. Research has also developed AWG technologies to produce useful yields of water at a reduced energy cost.

Greenhouse Technology

Innovative in-house technologies for greenhouse planning and design directly from the source delivering fine-tuned solutions for Heating, Control, Irrigation, Fertilizer Dosing, Project Design, Integration and Installation, Drainage water recycling and Accessories System. Technology for integration capabilities that come from real-world agro-technology and greenhouse experience. Technology helps people establish the correct balance between factors like technology, agro-economics, and crop requirements. The disadvantages include some limitations on space, sunlight, ventilation, and temperature control. The height of the supporting wall limits the potential size of the lean-to. The wider the lean-to, the higher the supporting wall must be. Temperature control is more difficult because the wall that the greenhouse is built on may collect the sun’s heat while the translucent cover of the greenhouse may lose heat rapidly. The lean-to should face the best direction for adequate sun exposure. Consider the location of windows and doors on the supporting structure and remember that heavy rain might slide off the roof of the house onto the structure.

Corporate Citizenship Research - Social Lab

Corporate citizenship involves the social responsibility of businesses and the extent to which they meet legal, ethical and economic responsibilities, as established by shareholders. The goal is to produce higher standards of living and quality of life for the communities that surround them and still maintain profitability for stakeholders. The demand for socially responsible corporations continues to grow, encouraging investors, consumers and employees to use their individual power to negatively affect companies that do not share their values. All businesses have basic ethical and legal responsibilities; however, successful businesses establish a strong belief in corporate citizenship, showing a commitment to ethical behavior by creating a balance between the needs of shareholders and the needs of the community and environment in the surrounding area. There are stages that companies go through during the process of developing corporate citizenship.

Companies rise to the higher stages of corporate citizenship based on their capacity and credibility when supporting community activities, a strong understanding of community needs, and their dedication to incorporate citizenship within the culture and structure of their company. Citizenship policies become more comprehensive in this stage. This occurs through increased meetings and consultations with shareholders and through participation in forums and other outlets that promote innovative corporate citizenship policies. Typically, this is the stage where corporate citizenship policies are funded and activated and become functional with assistance and support from upper-level management. Transparency comes into play in this stage as companies typically monitor how successfully they have become involved in the community, with results of this monitoring being made available through public reports. Citizenship activities are formalized and blend in fluidly with the company’s regular operations. Performance in community activities is monitored. Citizenship activities are driven into the lines of a business. Consultations with shareholders continues, and some companies may even set up formal training in the area of community involvement for employees and management.

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